- Understand how to plan your flight and execute a cross-country flight using pilotage and/or dead reckoning.
Know how to utilize the ground-based navigation aids, such as VOR and/or NDB facilities, and recognize their strengths and limitations.
Go beyond "direct to" when it comes to programming any GPS navigation unit installed in your airplane. There are several easy-to-use functions that can help power your flying to the next level.
Be ready for detailed questions from the examiner. He or she may ask: Is your GPS WAAS-capable? What VOR volumes apply to any Victor airways you're using as backup?
During the Private Pilot check ride, the heat comes on when you are asked to fly the airplane with reference only to instruments. You will need to demonstrate that you can successfully navigate your way out of a cloud during the test. This is one of several critical areas to ensure you're solid on.