Anyone familiar with aviation history knows the place the airplane has earned for itself. The DC-3 (the DC stands for Douglas Commercial), which along with the Jeep was credited by Dwight D. Eisenhower as being one of the most influential contributors to the Allies' victory in the Second World War, made its first flight on December 17, 1935, the 32nd anniversary to the day of the Wright brothers' first flight. During the war, the DC-3 soldiered in many guises: C-47, Dakota, Gooney Bird and the R4D. In all, some 10,655 DC-3s were built in Santa Monica and Long Beach, California. Another 2,000 or so were built in Russia under license as the Lizunov Li-2, and 485 were built in Japan as the L2D. Today a number of variants, including turboprop conversions, continue to ply the skies.