In June 2013, the Flight Safety Foundation joined with experts from the International Civil Aviation Organization, the U.K.’s Civil Aviation Authority, the French Bureau d’Enquêtes et d’Analyses, the International Air Transport Association, the European Cockpit Association, Eurocontrol and others, convening a Go-Around Safety Forum in Brussels to study the go-around problem. The teams used the IATA GADM-STEADES database and discovered just over 28,000 air safety reports filed between 2003 and 2011 coded with a mention of “go-around.” The forum presented data showing that for every 1,000 flights, somewhere between one and three executed a go-around, a tiny number compared with what anyone expected. The researchers also realized how rare the maneuver is for most commercial pilots. On average, short-haul pilots perform a go-around once or twice a year, while long-haul pilots may make one only every two to three years. Even in the face of an unstable approach, less than 5 percent of these professional pilots executed a go-around. The stats also showed that one in 10 of the go-around efforts resulted in a potentially hazardous outcome, such as exceeding aircraft performance limits or fuel endurance.