Editor’s Note: This article originally appeared on FreightWaves.com.
Chinese restrictions to control a spike in COVID infections have severely curtailed cargo operations at several airports and reduced crew availability, forcing airlines to cancel hundreds of flights as the peak shipping season kicks into high gear in a sector already struggling to keep up with high demand.
Flight and Workforce Effects
The most current data from logistics providers and risk intelligence analysts shows that 531 flights, or 43 percent of the daily total, were canceled from Beijing and that airlines scrubbed 408 flights, a third of the daily total, at Shanghai Pudong International Airport, as of August 6. Two-thirds of the flights were canceled in Xiamen. And Sunan Shuofang International Airport, which serves the cities of Wuxi and Suzhou in southern Jiangsu province, is not accepting import cargo.
In the air cargo environment, the public health measures have had a dual impact: reducing the supply of labor to handle cargo at airports and to fly aircraft. Everstream Analytics, which uses predictive algorithms to determine supply chain risk, said air cargo operations, including pickup and delivery, have been disrupted at 15 airports in China.
Each airport has instituted different approaches to combating COVID. At Shanghai Pudong airport, a major cargo hub, employees work for seven days, quarantine in a government hotel for seven days and then quarantine at home for seven days, before starting the cycle over again.
That has put more than half the workforce out of action, limiting the ability to consolidate and break down cargo, and load and unload planes. The extra time on the ramp puts all-cargo airlines in a jam because pilots are running up against fatigue rules limiting the permissible amount of on-duty time.
Airlines are changing crews in Tokyo and Seoul, South Korea, to avoid aggressive Chinese requirements that pilots quarantine for 14 days if they leave the airport for rest, which would quickly reduce the pilot pool and the number of flights they could operate.
Logistics professionals say the growing scarcity of long-haul aircraft could push freight rates near $20 per kilogram on certain trade lanes within a few weeks, making air transport five or six times more expensive than normal for the fall rush. The only time shipping costs have been that high was during the early days of the pandemic when the mass grounding of passenger flights took away a vast amount of cargo space.
“You’re taking a few thousand tons a week of capacity out of an already very tight market, so that is going to have a subsequent impact on rates. They’ve gone up in the past several days as a lot of these decisions have been made. And I suspect we’re going to be in super peak market conditions here in the coming days,” said Neel Jones Shah, executive vice president and global head of airfreight at Flexport, in a phone interview.
The mass cancellation of cargo flights in China is the latest in a series of supply chain disruptions this year that include a large container ship getting stuck in the Suez Canal for six days, a partial COVID lockdown of the Yantian terminal in the Port of Shenzhen for nearly a month and spun off shipping delays around the world, and wildfires in British Columbia that halted intermodal rail traffic to and from the Port of Vancouver.
China recently recorded its highest number of COVID cases since the start of the outbreak in Wuhan last year as the delta variant starts to take hold. The outbreak has been traced to nine airport cleaners at Nanjing Lukou International Airport who tested positive during a routine test last month.
Case counts are climbing near 100, a small number compared to the thousands of daily infections in the U.S., but Chinese authorities are extremely aggressive in trying to stamp out the virus. Lockdowns, quarantine measures and travel restrictions have disrupted manufacturing and logistics operations. On Wednesday, officials at the Port of Ningbo closed down gate and vessel operations in one terminal after a worker tested positive for COVID.
Authorities were scheduled to lift a 12-day flight suspension at Nanjing airport on Wednesday after an extensive disinfecting campaign while the status of Yangzhou Taizhou International Airport in Jiangsu province, closed since July 31, remains unclear, according to an Everstream Analytics report.