You would have expected the pilot, at this point, to mutter a curse, complete his turn to the new heading, level the wings and then turn his attention to the autopilot. But that is not what happened. Apparently he did nothing. Possibly his attention was diverted to his family and he did not see the warning light or hear the tone. The angle of bank increased to 50 degrees and the airplane began to lose altitude. Thirteen seconds after the autopilot disengaged, the pilot, apparently now aware of the disconnect but not of the airplane's flight condition, pressed the autopilot test button. This initiated a two-second internal self-test procedure, which the autopilot passed. But the pilot apparently still did nothing to recover from the spiral, although G forces must have been increasing in the airplane. At about 338 ktas, 110 kias above the maneuvering speed (not 175 knots over it; the NTSB report confuses indicated and true speeds), he "likely applied either abrupt or full aft elevator control input, resulting in overstress fracture of both wings in a positive direction."