I had an opportunity to observe Clarke McNeace, the director of operations and training standards for APS, as he conducted the final simulator training session for Rick Clark, a pilot flying the Falcon 50 and other corporate jets. As usual, the session started with an extensive briefing. McNeace led Clark through a number of scenarios that can lead to an upset condition. He also explained why it is critical that the pilot push first even in an overbanked spiral dive, and why pushing before attempting to roll is much more effective than the rolling pull that most pilots tend to use. The half-G push unloads the wings, making the ailerons much more effective in the recovery, thus optimizing the roll rate while minimizing the dive angle and asymmetric wing loading. After a short break, we headed across the street to the ERJ simulator. McNeace emphasized that, while full stalls are beyond the fidelity of the simulator and thus might not be 100 percent accurate, the simulator is able to accurately depict the upset recovery itself.